Comparative Political & Social Change
Comparative political and social change is a central focus of faculty in the Sociology Department. Questions about social order and change are at the core not only of sociology, but also across the social sciences. They are, fundamentally, questions about how we manage to live together productively and in a sustainable relationship with the earth, and why we sometimes fail in relationships or threaten that sustainability; questions about how we maintain social stability and how we make change. The greatest problems we face today as a society, such as ensuring our sustainability, or effectively responding to terrorism, or adapting to globalization are, at root, social. Even those that involve scientific or technical expertise require that human beings be able to coordinate and cooperate to implement solutions.
The following Sociology faculty contribute to the area of comparative political and social change:
Scott Frickel: Scientific/intellectual movements, institutional change in the modern academy, environmental justice movements, environmental and science policy.
- Scott Frickel and Kelly Moore, eds. 2006. The New Political Sociology of Science: Institutions, Networks, and Power. University of Wisconsin Press.
- Scott Frickel and Neil Gross. 2005. “A General Theory of Scientific/Intellectual Movements”. American Sociological Review 70:204-232.
- Scott Frickel. 2004. Chemical Consequences: Environmental Mutagens, Scientist Activism, and the Rise of Genetic Toxicology". Rutgers University Press.
Gregory Hooks studies peace, war and militarism, human rights, environmental justice and spatial inequality. His work has been supported by the National Science Foundation and the Soros Foundation, and he has been active in the collaboration between the International Christian University and Washington State University that has focused on issues of war and peace.
- Hooks, Gregory, and Brian McQueen. Forthcoming. “American Exceptionalism Revisited: The Role of Racial Tensions and Defense Employment on the Decline of the New Deal.” American Sociological Review.
- Gregory Hooks and Clayton Mosher. 2005. “Outrages against Personal Dignity: Rationalizing Abuse and Torture in the War on Terror”. Social Forces 83: 1627-45;
- Gregory Hooks, and Chad Smith. 2004. "The Treadmill of Destruction: National Sacrifice Areas and Native Americans”. American Sociological Review 69(4): 558-76.
Christine Horne studies how social norms emerge and why they are enforced. Her research uses laboratory experiments to develop theoretical understanding of norms and applied work explores the utility of the theory for addressing a range of substantive questions (including international human rights norms, informal neighborhood level control of crime, and default in micro-credit groups).
- Horne, Christine. 2009. The Rewards of Punishment. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
- Horne, Christine and Michael Lovaglia. Eds. Forthcoming. "Experimental Studies in Law and Criminology". Rowman and Littlefield.
- Horne, Christine. 2004. “Collective Benefits, Exchange Interests, and Norm Enforcement”. Social Forces 82(3): 1037-1062.
Erik Johnson’s work examines the development and outcomes of environmental movements in the U.S. and abroad.
- Johnson, Erik W., Jon Agnone, and John D. McCarthy. Forthcoming. “Movement Organizations, Synergistic Tactics and Environmental Public Policy.” Social Forces.
- Johnson, Erik W., Yoshitaka Saito, and Makoto Nishikido. 2009. “The Organizational Demography of Japanese Environmentalism.” Sociological Inquiry. 79(4): 481-504.
- Johnson, Erik W. 2008. “Social Movement Size, Organizational Diversity and the Making of Federal Law.” Social Forces 86(3): 967-93.
- Johnson, Erik W. 2006. “Changing Issue Representation Among Major United States Environmental Movement Organizations.” Rural Sociology 71(1): 132-54.
Sociology faculty study comparative political and social change across a range of substantive topics including peace, war and the military; environmental degradation and policy; social justice; the distribution of economic resources; social norms and the law; population change; and collective action. We employ a variety of theoretical and methodological lenses, analyzing variation in units at different levels of analysis, including individuals, cities, counties, states and nations.