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  • Dr. Jade d'Alpoim Guedes


    Ph.D., Harvard University
    Archaeology


    Research interests

    I am a paleoethnobotanist and human osteologist who studies how humans adapted their foraging practices and agricultural strategies to new environments. My primary region of focus is China, where I have carried out collaborative fieldwork and participated in projects for the past 7 years. I employ a variety of different methodologies in my research including: archaeobotany, human osteology, paleoclimate reconstruction and ecological niche modeling.

    My latest project uses these methodologies to understand how humans adapted their lifestyles to the challenging environment of the foothills of the Himalayas. Through a collaborative survey and fieldwork project with Peking University and the Chengdu City Institute of Archaeology, I will carry out fieldwork at sites that contain the earliest evidence for the spread of agriculture into this region. In addition, I also aim to identify the traces of hunter-gatherer populations that were likely present in this region, but so far have not yet been identified in the archaeological record. Finally, this project also aims to document the beginnings of pastoralism in this region. This project also involves experimental research and field trials of crop landraces aimed at improving the models used to understand ancient crop distribution and their resistance to climate change.

    More broadly, I am interested in improving archaeobotanical methodology across the world, and to this end have worked on developing tools to aid in the identification of archaeobotanical remains (www.paleobot.org).

    At WSU, I'll be training undergraduate and graduate students in these methods and will teach regional courses on East Asian Archaeology and methodological courses on archaebotany, climate change and environmental reconstruction. In spring 2014, I will work on setting up the archaeobotany laboratory at the Pullman campus and will teach Introduction to Anthropology. I'm excited to join the department and look forward to collaborating with faculty and students at WSU.

    Current, Continuing, and Recent Research

    I received my doctorate from Harvard University, where I wrote a dissertation that focused on understanding how agriculture spread into Southwest China. In this dissertation, and the articles that have sprung out of it, I've been interested in understanding how humans adapted their agricultural strategies and invented appropriate technologies to deal with the challenges presented by new environments or climate change. To do so, I incorporated advances from the field of ecological niche modeling to examine the options and constraints associated with practicing different types of agriculture in the myriad of ecological niches that characterize southwest China. The predictions made by these models were then tested against archaeobotanical data that I gathered from a series of sites from across the region, which ranged from sites in the low lying Chengdu Plain of the Sichuan Basin, the foothills of the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau.

    After earning my degree, I carried out a postdoctoral fellowship in the department of Earth and Planetary Science at Harvard. 

    Current Graduate Students

    Dr. Jade d'Alpoim Guedes will begin accepting graduate students Fall 2014.

    Representative Publications

    Rowan Flad, Timothy Horsley, Gwen Bennett, Shuicheng Li, Zhanghua Jiang, Jade d'Alpoim Guedes,Jiang Ming and He Kunyu (Accepted) "Survey, Excavation and Geophysics at Songjiaheba - A Small Bronze Age Village in the Chengdu Plain" Asian Perspectives

    John Mac Marston, Jade d'Alpoim Guedes and Christina Warinner (In Press) Method and Theory in Paleoethnobotany. University Press of Colorado, Boulder

    Warinner, Christina and Jade d'Alpoim Guedes (In Press) Digitizing the Archaeobotanical Record" in John M. Marston, Jade d'Alpoim Guedes, and Christina Warinner (eds.) Method and Theory in Paleoethnobotany. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

    Jade d'Alpoim Guedes and Robert Spengler (In Press) Sampling Strategies in Paleoethnobotany In John Mac Marston, Jade d'Alpoim Guedes and Christina Warinner (eds.) Method and Theory in Paleoethnobotany. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

    Jade d'Alpoim Guedes, Hongliang Lu, Yongxian Li, Robert Spengler, Wu Xiaohong, Mark Aldenderfer (2013) "Early Agriculture on the Tibetan Plateau: The Archaeobotanical Evidence" Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (DOI) 10.1007/s12520-013-0153-4

    Jade d'Alpoim Guedes, Jiang Ming, He Kunyu, Jiang Zhanghua, Wu Xiahong (2013) New Evidence for the Spread of Early Rice and Foxtail Millet Agriculture in Southwest China" Antiquity 87 (337):tbd.

    Jade d'Alpoim Guedes, David Carrasco, Rowan Flad, Ethan Fosse, Michael Herzfeld, Carl C. Lamberg-Karlovsky, Cecil M. Lewis, Matthew Liebmann, Richard Meadow, Nick Patterson, Max Price, Meredith Reiches, Sarah Richardson, Heather Shattuck-Heidorn, Jason Ur, Gary Urton, Christina Warinner (2013) Is Poverty in our Genes? : A Reply to Ashraf and Galor." Current Anthropology 54(1): 71-79.

    Jade d'Alpoim Guedes and Ming Jiang (2012) Archaeobotanical Report for the Site of Xinjin Baodun: 2009 Excavations Chengdu Kaogu Faxian 2007 (in Chinese).

    Christina Warinner, Jade d'Alpoim Guedes and David Goode (2011) Establishing Open-Access Online Reference Collections for Archaeobotanical Research. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany DOI 10.1007/s00334-011-0282-6

    Jade d'Alpoim Guedes (2011) Rice, Millets, Social Complexity and the Spread of Millet Agriculture to the Chengdu Plain and Southwest China Rice 4: 104- 113DOI 10.1007/s12284-011-9071-1

    Jade d'Alpoim Guedes, Chang Fu and Qin Zhang (2009) Bioarchaeology at Jinsha: Preliminary Results from the Site of Jade d'Alpoim Guedes and Xiaoyan Yang (2010) Starch Grain Analysis and Dental Calculus: New Insights from the Site of Xipo, Henan Province, People's Republic of China In Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Henan Provincial Institute of Archaeology and Cultural Relics (eds.) Lingbo Xipo Mudi , pp. 209-222. Beijing: Kexue Chubanshe (in Chinese)

    Jade d'Alpoim Guedes and Xiaoyan Yang (2010) Starch Grain Analysis of Pottery Residue at the site of Shifodong In Yunnan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Chengdu City Institute of Archaeology (eds.) Gengma Shifodong, pp. 383-391. Beijing: Wenwu Chunbanshe, (in Chinese)

    Jade d'Alpoim Guedes (2010) Bioarchaeology at Shifodong In Yunnan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Chengdu City Institute of Archaeology (eds.) Gengma Shifodong, pp. 351-353. Beijing: Wenwu Chunbanshe, (in Chinese)

     

     

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