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  • Dr. Jade d'Alpoim Guedes


    Ph.D., Harvard University
    Archaeology

    Visit my personal webpage


    Research interests

    I am a paleoethnobotanist and environmental modeller who studies how humans adapted their foraging practices and agricultural strategies to new environments. My primary region of focus is China, where I have carried out collaborative fieldwork and participated in projects for the past 7 years. I employ a variety of different methodologies in my research including: archaeobotany, human osteology, paleoclimate reconstruction and ecological niche modeling.

    My latest project uses these methodologies to understand how humans adapted their lifestyles to the challenging environment of the foothills of the Himalayas. Through a collaborative survey and fieldwork project with Sichuan University and the Sichuan Provincial Institute of Archaeology, I carry out fieldwork at sites that contain the earliest evidence for the spread of agriculture and pastoralism to this region. This project also involves experimental research and field trials of crop landraces aimed at improving the models used to understand ancient crop distribution and their resistance to climate change.


    At WSU, I train undergraduate and graduate students in these methods and teach regional courses on East Asian Archaeology and methodological courses on archaebotany, climate change and environmental reconstruction.

    Current, Continuing, and Recent Research

    I received my doctorate from Harvard University, where I wrote a dissertation that focused on understanding how agriculture spread into Southwest China. In this dissertation, and the articles that have sprung out of it, I've been interested in understanding how humans adapted their agricultural strategies and invented appropriate technologies to deal with the challenges presented by new environments or climate change. To do so, I incorporated advances from the field of ecological niche modeling to examine the options and constraints associated with practicing different types of agriculture in the myriad of ecological niches that characterize southwest China. The predictions made by these models were then tested against archaeobotanical data that I gathered from a series of sites from across the region, which ranged from sites in the low lying Chengdu Plain of the Sichuan Basin, the foothills of the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau.

    After earning my degree, I carried out a postdoctoral fellowship in the department of Earth and Planetary Science at Harvard. 

     

    Representative Publications

    Find PDFs of my articles on Research Gate or on Academia.edu

    JOURNAL ARTICLES (* indicates international peer-review)

    2015* Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, Jin Guiyun, Kyle Bocinsky (2015)* “The Impact of Climate on the Spread of Rice Agriculture to North-Eastern China: An Example from Shandong ” PLoS-One 2015; 10(6): e0130430.

    2015*   Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, Kyle Bocinsky & Ethan Butler. Comment on “Agriculture facilitated permanent human occupation of the Tibetan Plateau after 3600 B.P” Science 

    2015  Chen Tao, Jiang Zhanghua, He Kunyu, Yang Yang, Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, Jiang Hong-En, Hu Yaowu, Wang Changsui, Wu Kai. Phytolith Analysis at the Site of Baodun. Renleixue Xuebao (Acta Anthropologica Sinica) (In Chinese).

    2015* Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, Hongliang Lu, Anke Hein, Amanda Schmidt. Early Evidence for the use of Wheat and Barley as Staple Crops on the Margins of the Tibetan Plateau. Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences doi/10.1073/pnas.1423708112

    *2014 Jade d’Alpoim Guedes & Ethan Butler. Modeling Constraints on the Spread of Agriculture to Southwest China with Thermal Niche Models. Quaternary International: DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.08.003

    *2014 Rowan Flad, Timothy Horsley, Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, Gwen Bennett, Shuicheng Li, Zhanghua Jiang, Jiang Ming & He Kunyu. Survey, Excavation and Geophysics at Songjiaheba – A Small Bronze Age Village in the Chengdu Plain. Asian Perspectives (52)1:119-142.

    *2013 Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, Hongliang Lu, Yongxian Li, Robert Spengler, Wu Xiaohong, Mark Aldenderfer. Moving Agriculture on the Tibetan Plateau: The Archaeobotanical Evidence. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (6): 255-269.

    *2013 Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, Jiang Ming, He Kunyu, Jiang Zhanghua &Wu Xiahong. New Evidence for the Spread of Early Rice and Foxtail Millet Agriculture in Southwest China Antiquity 87 (337): 758-771.

    2013 Jade d’Alpoim Guedes & Guo Li Living and Dying in Song Dynasty Sichuan. Chengdu Kaogu Faxian 2009 (tbd)(in Chinese)

    *2013   Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, David Carrasco, Rowan Flad, Ethan Fosse, Michael Herzfeld, Carl C. Lamberg-Karlovsky, Cecil M. Lewis, Matthew Liebmann, Richard Meadow, Nick Patterson, Max Price, Meredith Reiches, Sarah Richardson, Heather Shattuck-Heidorn, Jason Ur, Gary Urton & Christina Warinner “Is Poverty in our Genes?: A Reply to Ashraf and Galor.” Current Anthropology 54(1): 71-79.

    2012  Rowan Flad, Timothy Horsley, Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, Gwen Bennett, Shuicheng Li, Zhanghua Jiang, Jiang Ming & He Kunyu Songjiaheba –  Survey, geophysics and excavation at a small-scale Bronze Age settlement in the Chengdu Plain. Chengdu Wenwu 2012(1):1-14.

    2012 Jade d’Alpoim Guedes & Ming Jiang. Archaeobotanical Report for the Site of Xinjin Baodun: 2009 Excavations Chengdu Kaogu Faxian 2007 (in Chinese).

    *2011 Christina Warinner, Jade d’Alpoim Guedes & David Goode Establishing Open-Access Online Reference Collections for Archaeobotanical Research. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 20: 241-244.

    *2011 Jade d’Alpoim Guedes Rice, Millets, Social Complexity and the Spread of Millet Agriculture to the Chengdu Plain and Southwest China Rice 4: 104-113.

    2009  Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, Chang Fu & Qin Zhang “Bioarchaeology at Jinsha: Preliminary Results from the Site of Huangzhongxiaoqu” Chengdu Kaogu Faxian 2006: 409-423 (in Chinese)

    BOOK CHAPTERS

    *2014  Warinner, Christina & Jade d’Alpoim Guedes Digitizing the Archaeobotanical Record in John M. Marston, Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, and Christina Warinner (eds.) Method and Theory in Paleoethnobotany. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

    *2014 Marston, John M., Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, & Christina Warinner. Paleoethnobotanical Method and Theory in the 21st Century, in John M. Marston, Jade d’Alpoim Guedes, and Christina Warinner (eds.) Method and Theory in Paleoethnobotany. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

    *2014 Jade d’Alpoim Guedes & Robert Spengler Sampling Strategies in Paleoethnobotany in John Mac Marston, Jade d’Alpoim Guedes and Christina Warinner (eds.) Method and Theory in Paleoethnobotany. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

    *2010 Jade d’Alpoim Guedes & Xiaoyan Yang. Starch Grain Analysis and Dental Calculus: New Insights from the Site of Xipo, Henan Province, People’s Republic of China in Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Henan Provincial Institute of Archaeology and Cultural Relics (eds.) Lingbo Xipo Mudi , pp. 209-222. Beijing: Kexue Chubanshe (in Chinese)

    *2010 Jade d’Alpoim Guedes & Xiaoyan Yang Starch Grain Analysis of Pottery Residue at the site of Shifodong in Yunnan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Chengdu City Institute of Archaeology (eds.) Gengma Shifodong, pp. 383-391. Beijing: Wenwu Chunbanshe, (in Chinese)

    *2010  Jade d’Alpoim Guedes Bioarchaeology at Shifodong in Yunnan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Chengdu City Institute of Archaeology (eds.) Gengma Shifodong, pp. 351-353. Beijing: Wenwu Chunbanshe, (in Chinese)

    EDITED BOOKS

    *2014 John Mac Marston, Jade d’Alpoim Guedes & Christina Warinner (eds.) Method and Theory in Paleoethnobotany. University Press of Colorado, Boulder


     

     

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