College of Arts and Sciences

Department of Anthropology

Dr. Andrew I. Duff

Ph.D., Arizona State University
Professor and Chair

Research Interests - Courses - Graduate Students - Publications

Research Interests

Archaeology, especially that of the American Southwest; community formation and transitions in the millennium prior to European contact; social theory as it relates to questions of social and ethnic identity, ritual, migration and abandonment; ceramics and quantitative analyses.

My research focuses on the increasing complexity of social and ritual institutions, problems of integration and emergent inequality as scale increases within the context of middle range societies. I work with the archaeological identification of communities and the social implications of major settlement, structural, and demographic changes associated with Puebloan (Anasazi) communities between the eleventh and fifteenth centuries in the American Southwest. I have researched different temporal components of these transitions at different points in my career. My dissertation research was a study of changing social identities in the Western Pueblo area of northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico during the A.D. 1300s, a period of extensive social upheaval, migration, ritual elaboration, and regional interaction. My current, long-term research project explores similar issues during the earlier florescence of the regional system centered on Chaco Canyon during the 11th and 12th centuries.


Graduate Courses

  • Anth 530 Archaeological Method and Theory
  • Anth 539 Prehistory of the Southwest
  • Anth 514 Ceramic Analysis
  • Anth 537 Quantitative Methods in Anthropology

Undergraduate Courses:

  • Anth 101 General Anthropology
  • Anth 331 America Before Columbus
  • Anth 399/599 Archaeological Field School (summers)

Current Graduate Students

  • Katie Richards, PhD
  • Ryan Szymanski, PhD
  • Ashenafi Zena, PhD

Representative Publications

Williams, Justin P., Andrew I. Duff, and William Andrefsky, Jr. (2013) Debitage Stylistic Variability at Cox Ranch Pueblo. Lithic Technology 38(1):3-16.

Duff, Andrew I., Jeremy M. Moss, Thomas C. Windes, John Kantner, and M. Steven Shackley  (2012) Patterning in Procurement of Obsidian in Chaco Canyon and in Chaco‑era Communities in New Mexico as Revealed by X‑Ray Fluorescence. Journal of Archaeological Science 39(9):2995-3007.

Schachner, Gregson, Deborah L. Huntley, and Andrew I. Duff (2011) Changes in regional organization and mobility in the Zuni region of the American Southwest during the Pueblo III and IV periods: insights from INAA studies. Journal of Archaeological Science 38(9):2261-2273.

Duff, Andrew I., Karen R. Adams, and Susan C. Ryan (2010) The Impact of Long-Term Residential Occupation of Community Centers to Local Plant and Animal Resources. In Leaving Mesa Verde: Peril and Change in the 13th Century Southwest, edited by Timothy A. Kohler, Mark D. Varien, and Aaron M. Wright, pp 156-179. University of Arizona Press, Tuscon.

Duff, Andrew I., and Alissa L. Nauman (2010) Engendering the Landscape: Resource Acquisition, Artifact Manufacture, and Household Organization in a Chacoan Great House Community. In Engendering Households in the Prehistoric Southwest edited by Barbara Roth, pp. 12-33. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Duff, Andrew I., T.J. Ferguson, Susan Bruning, and Peter Whiteley  (2008)    Collaborative Research in a Living Landscape: Pueblo Land, Culture, and History in West-Central New Mexico. Archaeology Southwest 22(1):1-24.

Cameron, Catherine M., and Duff, Andrew (2008) History and Process in Village Formation: Context and Contrasts From The Northern Southwest. American Antiquity 73 (1):29-57.

Huckleberry, Gary, and Duff, Andrew (2008)    Alluvial Cycles, Climate, and Puebloan Settlement Shifts near Zuni Salt Lake, New Mexico, USA. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 23(1):107-130.

Duff, Andrew I., and Gregson Schachner (2007) Becoming Central, Organizational Transformations in the Emergence of Zuni. In Hinterlands and Regional Dynamics in the Ancient Southwest, edited by Alan Sullivan and James Bayman, pp. 185-200. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Duff, Andrew I., and Stephen H. Lekson (2006) Notes from the South. In The Archaeology of Chaco Canyon, An Eleventh Century Pueblo Regional Center, edited by Stephen Lekson, pp.315-337. School of American Research Press, Santa Fe.

The Protohistoric Pueblo World A.D. 1275-1600 book coverDuff, Andrew I (2005) On the Fringe: Community Dynamics at Cox Ranch Pueblo. In Proceedings of the 13th Mogollon Archaeology Conference (2004), edited by Lonnie Ludeman, pp. 303-319. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces.

Adams, E. Charles, and Andrew I. Duff (editors) (2004) The Protohistoric Pueblo World, A.D. 1275-1600. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Adams, E. Charles, and Andrew I. Duff (2004) Settlement Clusters and the Pueblo IV Period. In The Protohistoric Pueblo World, A.D. 1275-1600, edited by E Charles Adams and Andrew Duff, pp. 3-16. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Duff, Andrew I. (2004) Settlement Clustering and Village Interaction in the Upper Little Colorado Region. In The Protohistoric Pueblo World, A.D. 1275-1600, edited by E. Charles Adams and Andrew Duff, pp. 75-84. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Duff, Andrew I. (2002) Western Pueblo Identities: Regional Interaction, Migration, and Transformation. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Western Pueblo Identities book coverDuff, Andrew I. (2000) Scale, Interaction and Regional Analysis in Late Pueblo Prehistory. In The Archaeology of Regional Interaction: Religion, Warfare and Exchange Across the American Southwest and Beyond, edited by M. Hegmon, pp. 71–98. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

Duff, Andrew I. and Richard H. Wilshusen (2000) Prehistoric Population Dynamics in the Northern San Juan Region, A.D. 950–1300. Kiva 66(1):167–190.

Duff, Andrew I. (1998) The Process of Migration in the Late Prehistoric Southwest. In Migration and Reorganization: The Pueblo IV Period in the American Southwest, edited by K. Spielmann, pp. 31–52. Anthropological Research Papers, No. 51. Arizona State University, Tempe.

Duff, Andrew I. (1996)Ceramic Micro-Seriation: Types or Attributes? American Antiquity 61(1):89–101.

Duff, Andrew I. (1994) The Scope of Post-Chacoan Community Organization in the Lower Zuni River Region. In Exploring Social, Political, and Economic Organization in the Zuni Region, edited by Todd Howell and Tammy Stone, pp. 25-45. Anthropological Research Papers, No. 46. Arizona State University, Tempe.

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